Monday, 15 February 2016

Simulating a mass attached to a spring with control theory

Control system theory is very useful when it comes to simulate physical systems and their behaviour.
Suppose you have a mass attached to a spring on an horizontal flat surface. The force diagram associated with this physical system can be sketched as follows:


By analysing the force diagram, you can actually see that on the x axis the only forces acting on the mass are the elastic force (Fe), the friction (Fr) due to the air resistance and the external force applied to the mass (u). On the y axis the normal force and the force of gravity balance out, therefore there is no motion.

Sunday, 14 February 2016

Solving a circuit with a mutual inductor using LTspice

Mutual inductors can be a lot of fun, and sometimes a bit of an headache if you mess something up or represent them in a complicated way. Take for instance the following circuit designed with Circuit Lab a great online circuit design and simulator tool


This is one of the first excercises we were taught in our circuit class. As you can probably see, the circuit is composed by two current sources with different frequency, some resistors and a mutual inductor. The aim of the analysis is to find out the total power consumed by the resistors. Let's analyse each problem carefully before proceeding.